Immigration & Nationality
As an independent nation, Wales would decide who could cross our borders. We could choose a hard border, but this is not the only option, and independence would not necessitate guard posts on the Severn Bridge.
Ireland has been independent since 1922, but when you get off the ferry at Dublin or Rosslare you don’t need to show anyone your passport. This is because the UK and the Republic of Ireland have agreed a Common Travel Area (CTA) that allows citizens of the two countries to come and go as they please. This situation may well change post-Brexit, but both the British and Irish governments have said that they want to keep the open border between the two nation states. An independent Wales, like an independent Scotland, would likely be offered the same deal as the Irish.
At the end of the day, immigration would be a matter for the Welsh government, making decisions that are right for the people of Wales. This could mean doing a deal with the rest of the UK, and agreeing a common immigration policy. Or it could also mean forming independent agreements with the rest of the world with respect to who can live and work in Wales.
The key point is that visitation, immigration and citizenship, like everything else, would be a decision for the people of Wales, based on Welsh needs.
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